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Grammatical Transformations in Translating Adverbial Clauses of Time (Based on the English Language). P. 55–62

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Section: Linguistics






Yuliya A. Vorontsova
Bryansk State Technical University; bul’var 50-letiya Oktyabrya 7, Bryansk, 241035, Russian Federation; e-mail:


This study highlights the need to achieve translation equivalence through the use of interlingual transformations and emphasizes the necessity to use grammatical transformations in view of the significant differences in the internal structure of the source language (SL) and the target language (TL). Further, the paper dwells on the types of grammatical transformations, providing examples of adverbial clauses of time from English-language texts and their Russian translations. The article aimed to analyse the specifics of English complex sentences with an adverbial clause of time and identify the main principles of translating them. The theoretical and practical significance of the work lies in emphasizing the lack of a complete parallel between the English complex sentence with an adverbial clause of time and its Russian correlate, as well as in analysing grammatical transformations used to translate complex sentences with adverbial clauses of time. The following research methods were applied: semanticsyntactic, morphological, comparative, and contextual analysis. The author concludes that translations of complex sentences with adverbial clauses of time retain only part of the original, since certain losses are inevitable. Grammatical modifications are associated, first of all, with the lack of an equivalent part of speech in the TL. The most frequent way of translating English complex sentences with adverbial clauses of time is by constructing a similar complex sentence in Russian, as well as by substituting parts of speech, rearranging parts of the sentence, changing grammatical forms, integrating or partitioning sentences, replacing syntactic constructions and voice forms. The examples of translating complex sentences with adverbial clauses of time analysed in this paper can be an effective tool in translating other fiction books from English into Russian.


interlingual transformation, translation equivalence, source language, target language, subordinate clause, adverbial clause of time
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