Legal and postal addresses of the publisher: office 1410a, 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Phone: (818-2) 28-76-18
E-mail: vestnik_gum@narfu.ru
http://gum.narfu.ru/en/

ABOUT JOURNAL

1937 February-March Plenum of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) and Its Place in the Political Life of Soviet Society. P.5–14

Версия для печати

Section: History

UDC

94(47)084.6

DOI

10.17238/issn2227-6564.2019.5.5

Authors

Vladimir I. Bakulin
ul. Lipetskaya 49, pos. Lipniki, 354393, Adlerskiy rayon, Sochi, Krasnodarskiy kray, Russian Federation; e-mail: vla20190220@yandex.ru

Abstract

This article analyses the work and decisions of one of the plenums of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), which played an important role in the history of not only the government party, but also the Soviet state and society in general. The author points out the extent and peculiarities of the coverage of this historical phenomenon by modern researchers. The 1937 party forum is considered here in the context of the country’s life and politics. Of fundamental importance was the fact that the plenum was called shortly after the adoption of the new Constitution of the Soviet Union. As a result, elections to the Soviets at all levels, starting with the Supreme Soviet, were on the agenda, while the party-state leaders were engaged in a behind-the-scenes struggle over the content of the election regulations. The plenum was immediately preceded by the Moscow Trial of the so-called Parallel Anti-Soviet Trotskyist Centre and by a long campaign of reviewing party members, in essence, purging of the party. Further, the article traces certain trends in the country’s political life in the mid- 1930s which, one way or another, influenced the work of the February-March Plenum, were reflected in its decisions and further developed in subsequent years. Analysing the materials, the author studies how the democratic principles were considered and discussed within the party as well as in the state and public life. A clash (though not always clearly defined) of different approaches to the implementation of these principles in the upcoming elections to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR was revealed. Thus, there existed a mismatch between the aspirations of a significant part of the party establishment and the tasks of democratizing the life of Soviet society.

Keywords

plenum of the Central Committee of the AUCP(b), Constitution of the Soviet Union, electoral law, party establishment, repression
Download (pdf, 4.5MB )

References

1. Mironin S.S. Stalinskiy poryadok [Stalin’s Order]. Moscow, 2007. 272 p.
2. Pykhalov I.V. 1937. Kak vrut o “stalinskikh repressiyakh”: Vse bylo ne tak! [How They Lie About the “Stalinist Repression”: That’s Not the Way It Was!]. Moscow, 2013. 256 p.
3. Glumnaya M.N. Naselenie Vologodskoy oblasti v izbiratel’noy kampanii 1937 goda po vyboram v Verkhovnyy Sovet SSSR [The Population of the Vologda Region in the 1937 Election Campaign to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR]. Ekonomika i sotsium, 2016, no. 11. Available at: https://www.iupr.ru/domains_data/files/zurnal_30/Glumnaya%20 M.N.%20(.pdf (accessed: 25 August 2019).
4. Zhuravlev V.P., Fortunatov V.V. Izbiratel’noe zakonodatel’stvo i vybory v 1937–1987 gg. [Electoral Laws and Elections in 1937–1987]. Available at: http://www.rcoit.ru/lib/history/1918-1990/17084/ (accessed: 25 August 2019).
5. Junge M., Binner R. Kak terror stal “bol’shim”. Sekretnyy prikaz № 00447 i tekhnologiya ego ispolneniya [How the Terror Became “Great”. The Secret Order no. 00447 and Its Method of Implementation]. Pt. I. Available at: http://www.fedy-diary.ru/?page_id=6360 (accessed: 25 August 2019).
6. Rogovin V.Z. 1937. Moscow, 1996. Vol. 4. Available at: https://history.wikireading.ru/244167 (accessed: 25 August 2019) (in Russ.).
7. Zhukov Yu.N. Inoy Stalin. Politicheskie reformy v SSSR v 1933–1937 gg. [A Different Stalin. Political Reforms in the USSR in 1933–1937]. Moscow, 2003. 512 p. Available at: https://e-libra.ru/read/165524-inoy-stalin-politicheskiereformy-v-sssr-v-1933-1937-gg.html (accessed: 25 August 2019).
8. Khlevnyuk O.V. Khozyain. Stalin i utverzhdenie stalinskoy diktatury [The Boss. Stalin and the Establishment of the Stalinist Dictatorship]. Moscow, 2010. 479 p. Available at: https://royallib.com/read/hlevnyuk_oleg/hozyain_ stalin_i_utvergdenie_stalinskoy_diktaturi.html#0 (accessed: 25 August 2019).
9. Kara-Murza S.G. Sovetskaya tsivilizatsiya: v 2 kn. T. I. Ot nachala do velikoy pobedy [Soviet Civilization: In 2 Books. Vol. 1. From the Start to the Great Victory]. Available at: http://www.kara-murza.ru/books/sc_a/sc_a_content. htm (accessed: 25 August 2019).
10. Shubin A.V. 1937. AntiTerror Stalina [1937. Stalin’s AntiTerror]. Moscow, 2010. 349 p.
11. Eliseev A. 1937: Ne ver’te lzhi o “stalinskikh repressiyakh”! [1937: Do Not Believe the Lies About the “Stalinist Repression”!]. Moscow, 2015. 420 p. Available at: https://www.litres.ru/aleksandr-eliseev/1937-ne-verte-lzhi-ostalinskih-repressiyah/?track=from_my_books_my (accessed: 25 August 2019).
12. Materials of the February-March Plenum of the Central Committee of the AUCP(b) (1937) (23 February 1937 – 5 March 1937). 5 March 1937. Evening Meeting. Pp. 10–27. A.A. Zakharov’s Library. Available at: http://захаров.net/static/upload/books/file/9975.pdf (accessed: 8 September 2019) (in Russ.).
13. Materials of the February-March Plenum of the Central Committee of the AUCP(b) (1937) (23 February 1937 – 5 March 1937). 27 February 1937. Evening Meeting. Pp. 22–23. A.A. Zakharov’s Library. Available at: http://захаров. net/static/upload/books/file/9975.pdf (accessed: 8 September 2019) (in Russ.).
14. Materials of the February-March Plenum of the Central Committee of the AUCP(b) (1937) (23 February 1937 – 5 March 1937). 2 March 1937. Morning Meeting. Pp. 3–12. A.A. Zakharov’s Library. Available at: http://захаров.net/static/upload/books/file/9975.pdf (accessed: 8 September 2019) (in Russ.).
15. Materials of the February-March Plenum of the Central Committee of the AUCP(b) (1937) (23 February 1937 – 5 March 1937). 3 March 1937. Morning Meeting. Pp. 21–25. A.A. Zakharov’s Library. Available at: http://захаров.net/static/upload/books/file/9975.pdf (accessed: 8 September 2019) (in Russ.).
16. Materials of the February-March Plenum of the Central Committee of the AUCP(b) (1937) (23 February 1937 – 5 March 1937). 3 March 1937. Evening Meeting. Pp. 3–15. A.A. Zakharov’s Library. Available at: http://захаров.net/static/upload/books/file/9975.pdf (accessed: 8 September 2019) (in Russ.).
17. Materials of the February-March Plenum of the Central Committee of the AUCP(b) (1937) (23 February 1937 – 5 March 1937). 5 March 1937. Evening Meeting. Pp. 20–21. A.A. Zakharov’s Library. Available at: http://захаров.net/static/upload/books/file/9975.pdf (accessed: 8 September 2019) (in Russ.).
18. Materials of the February-March Plenum of the Central Committee of the AUCP(b) (1937) (23 February 1937 – 5 March 1937). 1 March 1937. Evening Meeting. Pp. 3–5. A.A. Zakharov’s Library. Available at: http://захаров.net/static/upload/books/file/9975.pdf (accessed: 8 September 2019) (in Russ.).
19. Materials of the February-March Plenum of the Central Committee of the AUCP(b) (1937) (23 February 1937 – 5 March 1937). 27 February 1937. Morning Meeting. Pp. 3–5. A.A. Zakharov’s Library. Available at: http://захаров.net/static/upload/books/file/9975.pdf (accessed: 8 September 2019) (in Russ.).
20. Pravda. 19 January 1937 (in Russ.).