Legal and postal addresses of the publisher: office 1410a, 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Phone: (818-2) 28-76-18


Means and Features of Social Transcending. P. 110–119

Версия для печати

Section: Philosophy






Zhanna V. Latysheva
Vladimir State University; ul. Gor’kogo 87, Vladimir, 600000, Russian Federation;


This article identifies some of the technological components of social transcending and reveals important mechanisms, methods and specific features of creative social transcending as constructive impulses and efforts of the development of society. On the methodological basis of the social phenomenology of A. Schütz and T. Luckmann, the “intermediaries” of transcending are described: indications, distinctive indications, signs and symbols. Their “mediation” consists in directing human imagination towards a certain semantic content that is not perceived in experience. The mechanism of understanding indications, distinctive indications, signs and symbols is an appresentative compound, i.e. a synthesis of the presented and unpresented givennesses in consciousness, between which meaning is transmitted. Moreover, appresentations are woven into a wide sociocultural context and are subject to change. This paper emphasizes the importance of symbolic appresentations, with the help of which one can establish connections between different spheres of reality and overcome “great” transcendences. The specific character of symbolic appresentations consists in the absence of the appresented givenness and its belonging to extraordinary reality. It is revealed that in everyday life memories are a special way to certify going through extraordinary experience and that the method of retelling this experience is aimed at surpassing the “great” transcendences. “Great” transitions are also found in the ordinariness itself, in particular, in theoretical thinking, from the depths of which mythology, religion, philosophy, and science arise. It is shown that practically any things, objects and phenomena can be carriers of a symbol, and symbols are formed and introduced into use intersubjectively. The author concludes that social transcending is a formation of semantic references through appresentation, which only occurs in the space of intersubjectivity and communication. Social transcending has a symbolic nature and can be performed either as a way out of everyday life into extraordinary reality or as transitions within the everyday life itself.


A. Schütz, T. Luckmann, social transcending, “great” transcendences, everyday life, extraordinary reality, appresentation
Download (pdf, 4.4MB )


1. Matushanskaya Yu.G. Autopoyezis bibleyskoy filosofsko-istoricheskoy kontseptsii kak mirovozzrencheskoy osnovy zapadnoy tsivilizatsii (sotsial’no-filosofskiy analiz) [Autopoiesis of the Biblical Philosophical-Historical Concept as the Ideological Basis of Western Civilization (Socio-Philosophical Analysis): Diss.]. Arkhangelsk, 2015. 382 p.
2. Antonovskiy A.Yu. Niklas Luman: epistemologicheskoe vvedenie v teoriyu sotsial’nykh sistem [Niklas Luhmann: An Epistemological Introduction to the Social Systems Theory]. Moscow, 2007. 135 p.
3. Nazarchuk A.V. Obshchestvo kak kommunikatsiya v trudakh Niklasa Lumana [Society as Communication in the Works by Niklas Luhmann]. Voprosy filosofii, 2006, no. 6, pp. 156–173.
4. Frankl V. Chelovek v poiskakh smysla [Man’s Search for Meaning]. Moscow, 1990. 368 p.
5. Latysheva Zh.V. Smysl kak “arkhe” sotsial’nogo transtsendirovaniya (na osnove kontseptsii N. Lumana) [Sense as Arche of Social Transcendence (Based on N. Luhmann’s Concept)]. Vestnik Orlovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser.: Novye gumanitarnye issledovaniya, 2012, no. 2, pp. 225–228.
6. Hegel G.W.F. Estetika [Aesthetics]. Moscow, 1969. Vol. 2. 328 p.
7. Schelling F.W.J. Filosofiya iskusstva [The Philosophy of Art]. St. Petersburg, 1996. 496 p.
8. Cassirer E. Filosofiya simvolicheskikh form. T. 2. Mifologicheskoe myshlenie [Philosophy of Symbolic Forms. Vol. 2. Mythological Mentality]. Moscow, 2002. 280 p.
9. Shpet G.G. Esteticheskie fragmenty [Fragments on Aesthetics]. Shchedrina T.G. (ed.). Iskusstvo kak vid znaniya. Izbrannye trudy po filosofii kul’tury [Art as a Type of Knowledge. Selected Works on the Philosophy of Culture]. Moscow, 2007, pp. 173–287.
10. Losev A.F. Dialektika khudozhestvennoy formy [The Dialectics of the Artistic Form]. Moscow, 2010. 415 p.
11. Losev A.F. Muzyka kak predmet logiki [Music as a Subject of Logic]. Losev A.F. Iz rannikh proizvedeniy [From Early Works]. Moscow, 1990, pp. 195–392.
12. Losev A.F. Problema simvola i realisticheskoe iskusstvo [The Problem of Symbol and Realistic Art]. Moscow, 1976. 367 p.
13. Florenskiy P. Detyam moim. Vospominan’ya proshlykh let; Genealogicheskie issledovaniya; Iz solovetskikh pisem; Zaveshchanie [To My Children. Memories of Past Years; Genealogical Research; From Solovki Letters; Testament]. Moscow, 1992. 559 p.
14. Florenskiy P. Ikonostas [Iconostasis]. Moscow, 2005. 203 p.
15. Jakobson R.O. K voprosu o zritel’nykh i slukhovykh znakakh [On Visual and Auditory Signs]. Lotman Yu.M., Petrov V.M. (eds.). Iskusstvometriya. Metody tochnykh nauk i semiotiki [Artmetry. Methods of Exact Sciences and Semiotics]. Moscow, 2019, pp. 82–87.
16. Brazgovskaya E. V labirintakh semiotiki: Ocherki i etyudy po obshchey semiotike i semiotike iskusstva [In the Labyrinths of Semiotics: Essays and Studies on General Semiotics and the Semiotics of Art]. Moscow, 2018. 224 p.
17. Rowen R.I. Transcending Imagination; Or, An Approach to Music and Symbolism During the Russian Silver Age: Diss. Los Angeles, 2015. Available at: (accessed: 20 May 2016).
18. Pertseva A.A. Obraz Drugogo v ranney teorii voobrazheniya M. Merlo-Ponti [Image of the Other in Merleau-Ponty’s Early Theory of Imagination]. Filosofskiy zhurnal, 2017, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 116–135. DOI: 10.21146/2072-0726-2017-10-1-116-135
19. Merleau-Ponty M. Éloge de la philosophie et autres essais. Paris, 1960. 376 p. (Russ. ed.: Merlo-Ponti M. V zashchitu filosofii. Moscow, 1996. 248 p.).
20. Corcuff P. Les nouvelles sociologies. Paris, 1995. 126 p. (Russ. ed.: Korkyuf F. Novye sotsiologii. Moscow, 2002. 179 p.).