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Means and Features of Social Transcending. P. 110–119

Версия для печати

Section: Philosophy

UDC

111.8

DOI

10.17238/issn2227-6564.2019.3.110

Authors

Zhanna V. Latysheva
Vladimir State University; ul. Gor’kogo 87, Vladimir, 600000, Russian Federation;
e-mail: joan_lat@mail.ru

Abstract

This article identifies some of the technological components of social transcending and reveals important mechanisms, methods and specific features of creative social transcending as constructive impulses and efforts of the development of society. On the methodological basis of the social phenomenology of A. Schütz and T. Luckmann, the “intermediaries” of transcending are described: indications, distinctive indications, signs and symbols. Their “mediation” consists in directing human imagination towards a certain semantic content that is not perceived in experience. The mechanism of understanding indications, distinctive indications, signs and symbols is an appresentative compound, i.e. a synthesis of the presented and unpresented givennesses in consciousness, between which meaning is transmitted. Moreover, appresentations are woven into a wide sociocultural context and are subject to change. This paper emphasizes the importance of symbolic appresentations, with the help of which one can establish connections between different spheres of reality and overcome “great” transcendences. The specific character of symbolic appresentations consists in the absence of the appresented givenness and its belonging to extraordinary reality. It is revealed that in everyday life memories are a special way to certify going through extraordinary experience and that the method of retelling this experience is aimed at surpassing the “great” transcendences. “Great” transitions are also found in the ordinariness itself, in particular, in theoretical thinking, from the depths of which mythology, religion, philosophy, and science arise. It is shown that practically any things, objects and phenomena can be carriers of a symbol, and symbols are formed and introduced into use intersubjectively. The author concludes that social transcending is a formation of semantic references through appresentation, which only occurs in the space of intersubjectivity and communication. Social transcending has a symbolic nature and can be performed either as a way out of everyday life into extraordinary reality or as transitions within the everyday life itself.

Keywords

A. Schütz, T. Luckmann, social transcending, “great” transcendences, everyday life, extraordinary reality, appresentation
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