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On the Relation of the Yakut Participles -ааччы and -а илик to the Siberian Turkic Languages. P. 63–71

Версия для печати

Section: Philology

UDC

811.512.15

DOI

10.17238/issn2227-6564.2019.3.63

Authors

Gavril G. Filippov
M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University; ul. Kulakovskogo 42, Yakutsk, 677013, Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya), Russian Federation;
e-mail: filippovgg@mail.ru

Abstract

This article studies the history of the development of the Turkic languages, including the clarification of the relationship of the Turkic languages with each other. It dwells on the historical development and origin of the Yakut participle with the meaning of habitual action (-ааччы) and the participle with the semantics of unfinished action relevant to the moment of speaking (-а илик). Scholars relate the Yakut participle -а илик with the participle -галак in the Siberian Turkic languages (Altai, Khakas, Tuvan, Shor and Kyrgyz), which synthesized in them. The mentioned circumstance indicates old language contacts with the Kyrgyz language, where this form remains analytic up to the present. It is known that such contacts allow one to trace the relationship between the Yakut language and Old Mongolian, Old Oghuz, Kipchak, Karluk-Uyghur and Siberian Kyrgyz languages. Having studied the two Yakut participles – the synthetic -ааччы and the synthetic-analytic -а илик – we assume that the Yakut language split from the Siberian linguistic community in the post-Uyghur period, in the time of influence of the Kyrgyz-Khakas people (кыргыс кэмэ ‘the time of the Kyrgyz people’), during the Kyrgyz “feud”. Moreover, we believe that the studied forms could have emerged under the influence of Old Mongolian and been borrowed by the Yakut and Kyrgyz languages from Mongolian in their analytic form that has been preserved up to the present day. Furthermore, we hypothesize that the form ending in -галах in the Siberian Turkic languages could have evolved under the influence of the Karluk-Uyghur language through the fusion of the participle form ending in -гу илик (-галах), which produced the homoform -ыа илик in the Yakut language: кэлиэ илик ‘it is not yet the time of his arrival’; барыа илик ‘it is not yet the time of his departure’. The Yakut form ending in -ааччы (ааччык) is compared here with the Tuvan, Tofalar and Khakas form ending in -чык, expressing a categorical and credible past tense in the latter languages.

Keywords

Yakut language, Siberian Turkic language, primary participle, secondary participle, Common Turkic form, Oghuz form, Kipchak form, Karluk-Uyghur form
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