Legal and postal addresses of the publisher: office 1410a, 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Phone: (818-2) 28-76-18


Variability in the English Phraseological Units of the Model V + (d) + N + Prep + θ with the Verb ‘Have’. P. 55–62

Версия для печати

Section: Philology






Tat’yana N. Fedulenkova
Vladimir State University; ul. Gor’kogo 87, korp. 1, Vladimir, 600000, Russian Federation;


Verbal phraseology has long been the focus of attention of linguists due to its inexhaustible valence and discourse potential. Being the core of the utterance and the centre of gravity for words belonging to other parts of speech, the verb forms set phrases that are often comprised of words with transferred meaning, i.e. generates phraseological units. On the other hand, phraseological units are an important means of the development of modern English, which, being an analytical language, makes an active use of phraseology in order to expand its nominative potential. In this regard, as the object of our research we chose verbal phraseological units of modern English organized according to the structural model V + (d) + N + Prep + θ, which is one of the most productive structures in the language. The subject of this research is the existence and nature of variability of the component structure of the phraseological units under study. The doctrine about the structural and systemic organization of language as well as the level model system of language formed the methodological basis for this research. The paper’s scientific basis is provided by the phraseological concept developed by Professor A.V. Kunin and supported by his method of phraseological identification. In addition, the authors utilized such linguistic research methods as componential, structural, definitional, and contextual analysis. The results of the study show that invariable phraseological units make only a twentieth part of the analysed units: the majority of them have simple or complex variants. Simple variability is of three types: substantive, verbal, and quantitative. Complex variability is represented by four types: verbal and prepositive, verbal and quantitative, verbal and syntactic, and lexicalgrammatical-quantitative.


English phraseological unit, verbal phraseology, simple variability of phraseological units, complex variability of phraseological units
Download (pdf, 4.4MB )


1. Alefirenko N.F. Frazeologiya i kognitivistika v aspekte lingvisticheskogo postmodernizma [Phraseology and Cognitive Science in the Aspect of Linguistic Postmodernism]. Belgorod, 2008. 152 p.
2. Ignatovich Ya.P., Fedulenkova T.N. Variant frazeologicheskoy edinitsy kak pokazatel’ ee tozhdestva (na materiale frazeologii s komponentom – glagolom otchuzhdeniya) [The Variant of the Phraseological Unit as a Feature of Its Identity (on the Verbal Phraseology with the Component – Alienation Verb)]. Yazyk i kul’tura, 2017, no. 37, pp. 35–47. DOI: 10.17223/19996195/37/3
3. Fedulenkova T.N., Klyuzheva N.V. Pourovnevoe formirovanie frazeologicheskikh kompetentsiy na osnove frazeologizmov s komponentom make [Gradual Formation of Phraseological Competence on the Basis of Phraseological Units with the Make Component]. Vestnik Severnogo (Arkticheskogo) federal’nogo universiteta. Ser.: Gumanitarnye i sotsial’nye nauki, 2016, no. 3, pp. 139–148. DOI: 10.17238/issn2227-6564.2016.3.139
4. Alefirenko N.F. Frazeologiya v svete sovremennykh lingvisticheskikh paradigm [Phraseology in the Light of Modern Linguistic Paradigms]. Moscow, 2008. 271 p.
5. MacKenzie I. Silver Linings Without Clouds: The Innocuousness of Widespread Idioms. Fedulenkova T. (ed.). Modern Phraseology Issues. Arkhangelsk, 2018, pp. 61–73.
6. Alefirenko N., Dekatova K. The Role of Cognitive-Semiological Paradoxes in Formation of Phrasemes as the Indirect-Derivative Signs. Fedulenkova T. (ed.). Cross-Linguistic and Cross-Cultural Approaches to Phraseology. Arkhangelsk, 2009, pp. 5–12.
7. Kunin A.V. Asimmetriya v sfere frazeologii [Asymmetry in the Sphere of Phraseology]. Voprosy yazykoznaniya, 1988, no. 3, pp. 98–107.
8. Kunin A.V. Angliyskaya frazeologiya: Teoreticheskiy kurs [English Phraseology: A Theoretical Course]. Moscow, 1970. 344 p.
9. Fedulenkova T.N. Ponyatie izomorfizma frazeologicheskogo aferezisa [The Notion of Isomorphism of Phraseological Aphaeresis]. Gertsenovskie chteniya. Inostrannye yazyki [Herzen Readings. Foreign Languages]. St. Petersburg, 2010, pp. 243–244.
10. Kunin A.V. Frazeologiya sovremennogo angliyskogo yazyka [Phraseology of Modern English]. Moscow, 1972. 287 p. Available at: (accessed 5 November 2018).