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Political Reception of Fyodor Dostoevsky in Germany in the First Third of the 20th Century. P. 63–72

Версия для печати

Section: Philology

UDC

821.161.1+821.112.2

Authors

Nataliya A. Kopcha
Russian State University for the Humanities; Miusskaya pl. 6, Moscow, 125993, Russian Federation;
e-mail: nataliek645@yandex.ru

Abstract

In the early 20th century, the idea of self-determination of a country and its culture was extremely important both in Russia and in Germany. For this reason Fyodor Dostoevsky and his views on the Russian people, Westernism and revolution aroused great interest in Germany. This article studies the political reception of Dostoevsky’s worldview and works during the period between 1906 and 1936. Particular attention is given to the topic of nation and its mission in world history; a brief overview is provided of the development of the concept of nation within the history of ideas, originating in the era of the Napoleonic wars. Using the methodology of cultural transfer, developed by Hans-Jürgen Lüsebrink, the author answers the following questions: why was it Fyodor Dostoevsky who became one of the most significant figures in the German cultural and political space? and under what historical circumstances did the process of selection, adaptation and further transformation of his ideas take place? Among the cultural mediators we can name Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, the ideologist of the Conservative Revolutionary movement and publisher of the first collection of Dostoevsky’s works in German, and his followers: Young Conservatives Max Boehm and Hans Schwartz as well as the ideologist of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party Alfred Rosenberg and doctoral candidate Richard Kappen. The paper considers such categories and concepts as “young” and “old” nations, Conservative Revolution, German-Siberian future, nation as a community, and all-humanity. The conducted review of the works by the above-mentioned authors shows the ways of cultural transfer and the peculiarities of intercultural communication that led to the ideological instrumentalization of Fyodor Dostoevsky’s socio-political views.

Keywords

Fyodor Dostoevsky, Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, Russian national idea, Cultural transfer, political reception
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