Address: office 1410a, 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Phone: (818-2) 28-76-18
E-mail: vestnik_gum@narfu.ru
http://gum.narfu.ru/en/

ABOUT JOURNAL

Homogeneity of Language and Religion: The Psychoanalytic Approach. P. 61–69

Версия для печати

Section: Philosophy, Sociology, Politology

UDC

1.14

Authors

Sergey I. Mozzhilin
Saratov State University;
ul. Astrakhanskaya 83, Saratov, 410012, Russian Federation; e-mail: mozhilinsi@list.ru

Abstract

This article analyses the genetic relationship between language and religion. The aim of the paper is to substantiate the homogeneity of language and religion from the viewpoint of the psychoanalytic approach. The subject of the research is the symbol of the psychic subject-object that is inaccessible to sensory experience, fulfilling the functions of a person’s sign in speech and language and of a psychic censor of the person’s behaviour and forming the basis for the development of religious ideas. The paper used the methodological techniques of functional analysis of the person’s symbol and the philosophy of name. Much attention is given to the psychoanalytic approach to the phylogenetic evolution of the human psyche. This approach was proposed by Sigmund Freud and is based on the deduction of the symbolic, first of all the censor of behaviour (super-ego), which served the basis for the formation of religious beliefs, from the biological. Further, the paper postulates the necessity and the possibility of correcting this approach, as well as the arising from it concept of formation in the ontogenesis of the symbolic ego, developed by J. Lacan. The novelty of this research lies in a positive substantiation of the factor of homogeneity of religion and language in the phylogenesis of mankind, realized from the position of the author’s concept of the formation of the unconscious, symbolized censor of behaviour, which both forms a person’s symbol in a language and generates religious ideas about spirits. Transfer and substitution are postulated as the psychic mechanisms that ensured the formation of a person’s symbol. They caused the transformation of the zoological communicative signal into the symbol of a leader, absent from sensory experience. This research is of practical importance for the development of methods for analysing sacred symbols of speech and language. It also increases methodological resources for the formation of new linguistic theories.

Keywords

S. Freud, psychoanalysis, psychoanalytic approach, super-ego, psychic subject-object
Download (pdf, 4MB )

References

1. Tselkovskiy G.A. Lingvisticheskie korni religiovedeniya [The Linguistic Roots of Religious Studies]. Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. I: Bogoslovie. Filosofiya, 2014, no. 4, pp. 97–108.
2. Chernigovskaya T.V. Cheshirskaya ulybka kota Shredingera: yazyk i soznanie [The Cheshire Cat Smile of Schrödinger’s Cat]. Moscow, 2013. 448 p.
3. Florenskiy P.A. U vodorazdelov mysli [At the Dividing Line of Thought]. Florenskiy P.A. Imena: Sochineniya [Names: Works]. Moscow, 1998, pp. 169–324.
4. Frank S.L. S nami Bog [In God We Trust]. Moscow, 2003. 750 p.
5. Trufanova E.O. Ya kak real’nost’ i kak konstruktsiya [The Self as Reality and as Construction]. Voprosy filosofii, 2017, no. 8, pp. 100–112.
6. Yachin S.E. Slovo i fenomen [The Word and the Phenomenon]. Moscow, 2006. 138 p.
7. Deacon T.W. The Symbolic Species: The Co-Evolution of Language and the Brain. New York, 1997. 527 p.
8. Danilova M.I., Sukhoverkhov A.V. Biologicheskie i sotsial’nye osnovy evolyutsii yazyka i kommunikatsii: sovremennye diskussii [The Biological and Social Foundations of Evolution of Language and Communication: Current Discussions]. Voprosy filosofii, 2015, no. 12, pp. 77–87.
9. Jung C.G. Psikhologiya perenosa [The Psychology of Transfer]. Moscow, 1997. 304 p.
10. Lévi-Strauss C. La Pensée sauvage. Paris, 1962 (Russ. ed.: Levi-Stross K. Pervobytnoe myshlenie. Moscow, 1994. 384 p.).
11. Lacan J. Seminary. Kn. 1. Raboty Freyda po tekhnike psikhoanaliza (1953/54) [The Seminar, Book 1. Freud’s Papers on Technique, 1953–1954]. Moscow, 1998. 432 p.
12. Mozzhilin S.I. Arkhetip dukha: smyslovaya dinamika simvolizatsii v protsesse antropogeneza [the Archetype of the Wise Old Man: The Semantic Dynamics of Symbolization in the Process of Anthropogenesis]. St. Petersburg, 2009. 301 p.
13. Mozzhilin S.I. Psikhicheskaya dominanta animizma i personifikatsii [The Mental Dominant of Animism and Personification]. Voprosy filosofii, 2012, no. 9, pp. 67–73.
14. Porshnev B.F. O nachale chelovecheskoy istorii (problemy paleopsikhologii) [On the Origins of Human History (Problems of Paleopsychology)]. St. Petersburg, 2007. 720 p.