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Teleonomic Systems (on the Specific Features of the Systems Approach). P. 43–52

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Section: Philosophy, Sociology, Politology

UDC

140

Authors

Irina I. Kobyakova
Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin;
ul. Kalinina 13, Krasnodar, 350044, Russian Federation; e-mail: philos09@mail.ru

Abstract

This article aimed to investigate the possibility of a functional description of living objects as teleonomic systems. In addition to the ideas about atomic structural relations within a system, accepted in classical science, the systems approach suggests the basis for a holistic view on the development of a teleonomic system as a continuous integral directional process. A comparative analytical-synthetic method in the historical aspect is used in the article. The paper briefly traces the history of the systems approach, whose preliminary positive result is the introduction into scientific literature of such concepts as wholeness, directedness and teleology, which in the mechanistic science were considered to be idealistic and unscientific. The systems approach is necessary in post-non-classical science, since it combines both the atomic structural and the holistic views on the combination of interacting elements. This approach allows us to consider dynamic processes at the same time from the point of view of externalism and internalism, adaptive capabilities of systems, and activity of systems in the formation of themselves and of the surrounding space in their own interests. The current importance of this issue for post-non-classical science is determined by the possibility to describe dynamic processes from the point of view of holism. Applying the ideas of G.W. Leibniz and G. Deleuze allows us to: 1) consider a single mechanism and similarity between ideal and material processes, 2) within event ontology abstract us from the truths of the entity in favour of the truths of existence, where priority is given to studying changes, not identity, 3) consider the dialectic of co-possible and co-impossible processes, which is an additional argument in favour of the nomogenetic point of view. Le Chatelier’s principle and the universal laws of the development of biological objects give grounds for restoring nomogenetic ideas at the level of intersystem interaction. The theoretical and practical value of this research area is determined by the basic property of whole teleonomic systems, i.e. their tendency for self-determination and self-development. That is why the holistic approach, considering a system as a whole, is important for interdisciplinary research.

Keywords

systems approach, open system, teleonomic system, Le Chatelier’s principle, nomogenesis, internalism, holism
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