Legal and postal addresses of the publisher: office 1410a, 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Phone: (818-2) 28-76-18
E-mail: vestnik_gum@narfu.ru
http://gum.narfu.ru/en/

ABOUT JOURNAL

Representation of the “Clowns” Metaphor in M. Elizarov’s Story of the Same Name. P. 127–137

Версия для печати

Section: Philology

UDC

821.161.1

Authors

Sizykh Oksana Vasilyevna
North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov
58 Belinskogo St., Yakutsk, 677000, Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya), Russian Federation;
e-mail: 777ruslit@mail.ru

Abstract

This article dwells on the representation of the “clowns” metaphor in the story of the same name by a modern writer M.Yu. Elizarov. The key motifs of buffoonery / deceit and passion / inner emptiness are expanded on here, alluding to the famous Italian opera Pagliacci (1892), M. Tsvetaeva’s poem “Some – Made of Stone, Others – of Clay”, and A. Vertinsky’s poem “Screen Idol”. The study proved that these works have similarities in their plot. The analysis of the motifs of the modern short story shows that the traditional semantics of “pagliacci” (buffoonery) metaphor has become more complicated. The author’s use of allusions fills this metaphor with cultural and philosophical meaning. The structure of the “clowns” metaphor includes such semantic components as leisure, inventiveness, appearance of the characters, reflexive passion, idleness, and alludes to the persona archetype. In Elizarov’s story, we see a paradoxical combination of motifs of several works, so that the social and moral contradiction manifests itself with absolute clarity in the dress codes and portraits of the characters as well as in descriptions of the stage they perform on. The veils and all kinds of masks are lifted from the reality and at the same time the truth is “wrapped in the robe” of real life. This paradox lies in the fact that Elizarov breaks the moral norms adopted by the society without suggesting any new conventions instead. The play of discovering the truth of life is translated by him literally: a love affair (“the naked bodily”). Thus, the corrupt society depicted in the story marks not only the collapse of human relations but also the moral abyss the humanity has plunged into. The opposition moral death / physical death is based on Elizarov’s view of the essence of life as a special form of the development of society. The discourse of the story is thematically determined and characterized by a number of metaphors (Apollo, idol, clay cocoon, iron hammock) due to the philosophical and ethical issues raised in the story. The metalinguistic parallel is understood as a principle of the existence of the postmodern text.

Keywords

modern Russian literature, postmodernism, “clowns” metaphor, semantic structure of “clowns” metaphor, Pagliacci, M. Elizarov
Download (pdf, 3.1MB )

References

  1. Laputina T.V. Individual’naya metafora v poeticheskom tekste M. Tsvetaevoy: dis. … kand. filol. nauk [Individual Metaphor in the Poetic Text of Marina Tsvetaeva: Cand. Philol. Sci. Diss.]. Moscow, 2011. 164 p.
  2. Frolova T.G. Evolyutsiya metaforicheskogo stilya na rubezhe XX–XXI vv.: dis. … kand. filol. nauk [The Evolution of Metaphorical Style at the Turn of the 20th Century: Cand. Philol. Sci. Diss]. St. Petersburg, 2012. 201 p.
  3. Kataev F.A. Russkaya proza v epokhu Interneta: transformatsiya v poetike: dis. … kand. filol. nauk [Russian Prose in the Internet Age: Transformations in Poetics: Cand. Philol. Sci. Diss]. Perm, 2012. 173 p.
  4. Panisheva N.A. Poetika prostranstva i vremeni v lirike Arseniya Nesmelova: dis. … kand. filol. nauk [The Poetics of Space and Time in the Lyric Poetry of Arseny Nesmelov: Cand. Philol. Sci. Diss]. Kirov, 2013. 159 p.
  5. Latynina A.N. Sluchay Elizarova [The Case of Elizarov]. Novyy mir, 2009, no. 4, pp. 165–173. Available at: magazines. russ.ru/novyi_mi/2009/4/la13.html (accessed 7 September 2014).
  6. Bondarenko V.G. Mikh. Elizarov – “V. Sorokin segodnya?..” [Is M. Elizarov Today’s V. Sorokin?]. Available at: http://www.proza.ru/2011/11/17/463 (accessed 7 September 2014).
  7. Ivanova N.B. Somnitel’noe udovol’stvie [Questionable Pleasure]. Znamya, 2004, no. 1, pp. 177–187.
  8. Nemzer A.S. Zabyt’ by [If Only I Could Forget]. Vremya novostey, 5 December 2008.
  9. Sadykh-zade G. Blesk teatra i nishcheta zhizni [The Splendour of the Theatre and the Misery of Life]. Zhurnal lyubiteley iskusstva. Available at: www.classicmus.ru/Pagliacci.html (accessed 2 September 2014).
  10. Uolker E. Gorshechnik i glina [The Potter and the Clay]. Available at: http://rcil.ru/2002/07/gorshechnik-i-glina/ (accessed 12 March 2015).
  11. Gorelova O.A. Aleksandr Vertinskiy i ironicheskaya poeziya Serebryanogo veka: dis. … kand. filol. nauk [Alexander Vertinsky and Ironic Poetry of the Silver Age: Cand. Philol. Sci. Diss]. Moscow, 2005. 187 p.
  12. Jung C. Chelovek i ego simvoly [Man and His Symbols]. Available at: www.koob.ru/jung/chelovek_i_ego_simvoli (accessed 11 September 2014).
  13. Likhachev D.S. Poetika drevnerusskoy literatury [Poetics of Old Russian Literature]. Available at: http://www.gumer.info/bibliotek_Buks/Literat/lihach/02.php (accessed 11 September 2014).