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Continuing Professional Education of Health Workers in the Far North-East of the USSR in the 1950s – 1980s. P. 35–42

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Section: History

UDC

614.2(571.6)(091)

Authors

Knyazkina Tatyana Anatolyevna
Branch of Far Eastern Federal University in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
79 Leningradskaya St., Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, 683003, Russian Federation;
e-mail: knyazkina@inbox.ru

Abstract

This article highlights the issues of medical personnel training in the Far North-East of the Soviet Union in the second half of the 20th century through the system of continuing professional development. Using archival sources and taking into account peculiarities of this region, the author identified and characterized effective forms of continuing professional education of medical and paramedical staff. The growing demand for high-quality medical care, the creation of a wide network of specialized medical services, a significant improvement and increase in material and technical resources of healthcare institutions as well as further differentiation of medical science: all this called for changes in the forms of continuing professional education of health workers. The article studies how heads of healthcare agencies and institutions chose the forms of skills upgrading of their workers depending on the specific tasks set for that region. The author notes the difficulties in organizing and conducting continuing education of health workers in rural areas. At the same time, the sporadic professional training in the mid-twentieth century in the Far North-East of the USSR developed into a regular and carefully planned process by the end of the period under study. The increased level of medical science required more knowledge from physicians, nurses and paramedics. Continuing professional education, therefore, became obligatory for all health workers. The results of such professional development were manifested in the practical application of new methods of prevention, diagnosis and treatment, as well as inventions and improvement suggestions. The author names the organizational and methodological conditions for successful skills upgrading of health workers. The Soviet healthcare system had accumulated an extensive experience in advanced training of highly qualified personnel, which, if applied, can strengthen the position of the modern healthcare system on the market.

Keywords

Soviet healthcare, medical training, professional development of medical and paramedical staff, Far North-East of the USSR
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References

  1. Lodis F.A. Sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya zdravookhraneniya Kamchatskoy oblasti [The Current State and Prospects of Development of Healthcare in the Kamchatka Region]. Sbornik rabot vrachey Kamchatskoy oblasti [Collected Works of Doctors of the Kamchatka Region]. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, 1969. Iss. 1, pp. 43–52.
  2. Zdravookhranenie Rossii v XX veke [Healthcare in the Twentieth-Century Russia]. Ed. by Yu.L. Shevchenko. Moscow, 2001. 811 p.
  3. D’yachenko D.P. Osnovnye etapy i itogi razvitiya otechestvennoy meditsiny i sovetskogo zdravookhraneniya na Kamchatke [Key Stages and Results of the Development of Medicine and Healthcare in Soviet Kamchatka]. Sbornik rabot vrachey Kamchatskoy oblasti [Collected Works of Doctors of the Kamchatka Region]. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, 1969. Iss. 1, pp. 5–42.