Legal and postal addresses of the publisher: office 1410a, 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Phone: (818-2) 28-76-18
E-mail: vestnik_gum@narfu.ru
http://gum.narfu.ru/en/

ABOUT JOURNAL

The Role of the Catholic Church in the Irish Civil War of 1922–1923. P. 15–22

Версия для печати

Section: History

UDC

941.5.093:282

Authors

Dzhafarova Irina Nadyrovna
Postgraduate Student, P.G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University
14 Sovetskaya St., Yaroslavl, 150000, Russian Federation;
e-mail: djafarova.irina@gmail.com

Abstract

The Irish War of Independence ended with the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. The agreement itself, however, marked the beginning of a division not only inside the Irish revolutionary elite, but also among the rest of the Irish population. Therefore, a research into the Irish Civil War should not be limited to the study of the key opposing forces and their fighting. An analysis of the role of indirect participants of this conflict is becoming more important due to the insufficient study of this issue. Irish historiography includes a large number of works on the Irish Civil War; however, they do not pay due attention to the role of the Church in the course of the conflict. Special studies on the Irish Roman Catholic Church, in their turn, focus on the relations between Dublin and the Holy See. Therefore, it is of interest to look into the role, though indirect, of the Catholic Church in the conflict above as an important part of the events that unfolded in Ireland in 1922–1923. At first glance, what stands out is its role as a mediator, which, nonetheless, failed to produce the expected results. A closer investigation, however, reveals that the Catholic hierarchy on the one hand and individual priests on the other provided assistance to the opposing parties. The author concludes that the struggle within the Irish Civil War was multilayer and that the role of the Church was more of a destructive nature: it only incited religious intolerance among Protestants and Catholics and widened the split between the Republicans and proponents of the Treaty. These conclusions are based on the materials of Irish and British periodicals.

Keywords

Catholic Church, Irish Civil War, Irish Free State, Anglo-Irish Treaty, Pro-Treaty, Anti-Treaty, Irish Republican Army
Download (pdf, 3.1MB )

References

  1. Kissane B. The Politics of the Irish Civil War. Oxford. 2005.
  2. Hopkinson M. Green Against Green. The Irish Civil War. Dublin, 2004.
  3. Ó hAdhmaill F. The Catholic Church and Revolution in Ireland. Socialist History, 2013, no. 40, pp. 1–25.
  4. Corona G.G. The Catholic Church in the Irish Civil War. Cultivalibros, 2008.
  5. Keogh D. The Vatican, the Bishops and Irish Politics 1919–39. Cambridge University Press, 2004.
  6. Area of Irish Civil War Spreading. The Sunday Post, 2 July 1922, p. 1.
  7. Dublin’s Anguish. Four Courts Stormed. Anglo-Celt, 8 July 1922, p. 6.
  8. Fierce Battle Racing in Dublin. Attack on Rebels’ Stronghold. The Aberdeen Daily J., 29 June 1922, p. 5.
  9. he Invasion of Limerick. Free State Troops Reinforced. The Times, 9 March 1923, p. 12.
  10. Irish Peace Hopes. Rebel Leaders to Meet. The Times, 23 March 1923, p. 14.
  11. Mission from Rome. Monsignor Luzio to See Irish Bishops. Anglo-Celt, 17 March 1923, p. 1.
  12. Monsignor Luzio. Dines Archbishop Byrne. Irish Examiner, 26 March 1923, p. 5.
  13. Irish Peace. Hopeful Dublin Feeling. Papal Envoy’s Letter to Cork. Cork Examiner, 17 April 1923, p. 5.
  14. Papal Envoy to Ireland. A Double Mission. Four More Executions. The Times, 15 March 1923, p. 12.
  15. Peace Effort. Papal Envoy Declares His Plans. The Aberdeen Daily J., 21 April 1923, p. 7.
  16. Cork Corp Action. Papal Envoy. Requested to Use His Influence. Irish Examiner, 14 April 1923, p. 7.
  17. Luzio. Question of Peace. Irish Independent, 20 April 1923, p. 6.
  18. De Valera in Dublin. The Daily Express, 20 September 1922, p. 1.
  19. Ireland’s Die-Hard. The Daily Express, 7 November 1922, p. 8.
  20. Irish Hostilities. Dundalk Re-Captured by Free State Troops. Anglo-Celt, 26 August 1922, p. 6.
  21. Penal Settlement. Free State to Lease an Island. Aberdeen J., 26 September 1922, p. 6.
  22. New Commander-in-Chief. General Richard Mulcahy. Sunderland Daily Echo, 25 September 1922, p. 8.
  23. To Realise Ideals According to Divine Law. The Amnesty Offer. The Freeman’s J., 11 October 1922, p. 5.
  24. Irish Hierarchy’s Important Pronouncement. Kilkenny People, 14 October 1922, p. 13.
  25. The Irish Rebellion. Western Gazette, 21 July 1922, p. 1.
  26. A Critical Hour. The Freeman’s J., 14 October 1922, p. 4.
  27. McCabe M. For God and Ireland: The Fight for Moral Superiority in Ireland 1922–1932. Irish Academic Press, 2012.
  28. Irish Outrages. Burning as Reprisal for Execution. The Times, 3 March 1923, p. 10.
  29. In and Around Dublin. Arsenal in a Church. Weekly Irish Times, 28 October 1922, p. 2.
  30. Woman Obstruct Bishops. The Irish Times, 21 October 1922, p. 5.
  31. Mansion House Incident. Conference Discusses Attitude of Church to Stage. The Freeman’s J., 13 October 1922, p. 5.
  32. Cardinal’s Speech. Reception at Mansion House. Women Cause Scenes. Irish Independent, 13 October 1922, p. 5.
  33. Catholics and Citizenship. Tuam Herald, 14 October 1922, p. 4.
  34. Catholic Truth. Cardinal Loque’s Address. Southern Star, 14 October 1922, p. 5.
  35. Ireland. The Tablet (The International Catholic News Weekly), 21 October 1922, p. 20.