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Prolegomena to the Concept of Pushkin Text in Russian Literature. P. 117–127

Версия для печати

Section: Philology

UDC

81.82.882

Authors

Aleksandr G. Loshakov
Severodvinsk Branch of Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov 36 Karla Marksa St., Severodvinsk, 164500, Russian Federation; e-mail: a.loshakov@narfu.ru
Ivan A. Shusharin
Severodvinsk Branch of Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov 36 Karla Marksa St., Severodvinsk, 164500, Russian Federation; e-mail: i.kaziacka@yandex.ru

Abstract

In Russian philology, Pushkin text has different interpretations: totality of Pushkin’s works; quotation fund of the bearer of Russian culture (B.M. Gasparov); intertext that actively resonates in the texts of Russian literature (N.A. Kuzmina); textual realization of the Pushkin myth in the history of the literary process, which corresponds to the communicative strategies of universalism, biographism, phenomenalism, deconstructivism, and literary play changing in the course of time (Yu.V. Shatin, M.V. Zagidullina, T.G. Shemetova et al.); and megatext, which is similar to the myth (V.I. Tyupa). In this article, Pushkin text is considered to be the basic personalized supertext of the Russian textosphere; it is based on the content of the nationally important concept Pushkin. The structure of this supertext includes the “text of the poet’s life”, the text of his works (prototextual level) and a vast corpus of metatexts functioning in various types of discourse (literature, critique, pedagogy etc.). The uttermost semantic attitude of the Pushkin text is polyfunctional and diverse in its content; it manifests itself in various discourse strategies: mythifying, demythifying, puristic, evolutive (axiological), ludic etc. However, the range of their application is determined by two antithetical axiological vectors: sacral and profane. Any text marked by the Pushkin motif falls within the sphere of influence of Pushkin text meanings, becomes incorporated in it and is interpreted in accordance with Pushkin text strategies. For Russian culture, Pushkin text is the most important factor of integration and development, an axiological standard, which not only influences national identity, but also determines the formation of other personalized and local texts by entering into complex semantic relations with them.

Keywords

personalized supertext, personic concept, Pushkin text of Russian culture, Pushkin myth, prototext, discourse strategy, word group
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