Legal and postal addresses of the publisher: office 1410a, 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Phone: (818-2) 28-76-18


Characteristic Peculiarities of Phraseological Nicknames of Public and Political Figures in English and German. P. 108–116

Версия для печати

Section: Philology




Svetlana S. Koval’chuk
Tyumen State University 15а Perekopskaya St., Tyumen, 625003, Russian Federation; e-mail:


The article is devoted to investigating the peculiarities of phraseological nicknames of well-known public and political figures of Great Britain, the USA and Germany. The author underlines the importance of this research due to the lack of a detailed investigation into the specific character of nicknames of political figures in the English and German languages. Nicknames are defined in the article from the point of view of well-known scholars. The history of the study of proper names is described from the standpoint of prominent researchers. It is also emphasized here that the proper name is closely linked with the subdivision of concepts into general and individual. It is noted that phraseological nicknames belong to the class of individual anthroponyms that are used to express individual concepts. Using the quantitative data obtained the author determined the place of phraseological nicknames in German and English and analysed their properties, which allows us to include nicknames into the phraseological fund of the English and German languages. Further, the paper explains the reasons for the appearance and existence of phraseological nicknames of political figures. Personal phraseological units are characterized from the point of view of syntactic stability of their constituents. The degree of reinterpretation of these constituents in the two languages is analysed; key ways of reconsideration in personal phraseological units are determined. In addition, the paper studies phraseological nicknames with completely reinterpreted, partly reinterpreted, and complicated meaning of their constituents. The article points out nominative signs serving as the basis for nomination in personal phraseological units. Moreover, the author singled out and analysed personal phraseological units describing the character and appearance of a person and those naming a person on the basis of his/her mental abilities, physical strength and endurance, and his/her contribution to or participation in a certain event. In conclusion, a quantitative correlation between the investigated groups of phraseological nicknames is shown.


phraseological nickname, proper name, common noun, nominative sign, phraseological fund, way of reconsideration, connotative component
Download (pdf, 3.4MB )


  1. Smith-Bannister S. Names and Naming Patterns in England, 1500–1700. Oxford, 1997. 223 p. 
  2. Zagryadskaya N.A. Frazeologicheskie prozvishcha istoricheskikh lichnostey Velikobritanii i SShA kak ob”ekt lingvostranovedeniya [Phraseological Nicknames of Historical Personalities of Great Britain and the United States as an Object of Culture-Oriented Linguistics]. Piramida-Maxima, 2002, no. 5–6, pp. 113–114. 
  3. Superanskaya A.V. Obshchaya teoriya imeni sobstvennogo [The General Theory of the Proper Name]. Moscow, 1973. 366 p. 
  4. Tomashevskaya L.A. Struktura znacheniya antroponimov v sovremennom angliyskom yazyke (leksematicheskiy i leksiko-semanticheskiy analiz): avtoref. dis. … kand. filol. nauk [The Meaning Structure of Anthroponyms in Modern English (Lexemic and Lexico-Semantic Analysis): Cand. Philol. Sci. Diss. Abs.]. Moscow, 1985. 25 p. 
  5. Galkina-Fedoruk E.M. Slovo i ponyatie [The Word and the Concept]. Moscow, 1956. 
  6. Karpenko Yu.A. Zapiski iz onomastiki [Proceedings on Onomastics]. Odessa, 2011. 
  7. Zagryadskaya N.A. Lichnostnye frazeologizmy i ikh mesto v angliyskoy frazeologii: dis. … kand. filol. nauk [Personal Phraseologisms and Their Place in English Phraseology: Cand. Philol. Sci. Diss.]. Available at: http://www. (accessed 14 September 2016). 
  8. Zagryadskaya N.A. Otrazhenie istoricheskikh sobytiy angliyskimi frazeologicheskimi prozvishchami [The Reflection of Historic Events in English Phraseological Nicknames]. Mir nauki, kul’tury, obrazovaniya, 2014, no. 5, pp. 117–119. Available at: prozvischami (accessed 14 September 2016). 
  9. Vinogradov V.V. Ob osnovnykh tipakh frazeologicheskikh edinits v russkom yazyke [On the Main Types of Phraseological Units in the Russian Language]. Vinogradov V.V. Leksikologiya i leksikografiya [Lexicology and Lexicography]. Moscow, 1986. 
  10. Zagryadskaya N.A. Nekotorye osobennosti struktury i semantiki angliyskikh frazeologicheskikh prozvishch [Some Distinctive Features of the Structure and Semantics of English Phraseological Nicknames]. Mir nauki, kul’tury, obrazovaniya, 2014, no. 2, pp. 248–251. Available at: semantiki-angliyskih-frazeologicheskih-prozvisch (accessed 14 September 2016). 
  11. Lehrer A. Proper Names: Semantic Aspects. Available at: B0080448542010671 (accessed 14 September 2016).