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Russian Phraseological Sentences of the Type Ne sporit’ zhe! (Key Aspects). P. 91–98

Версия для печати

Section: Philology

UDC

811.161.1`367.624

Authors

Arkadiy F. Kalinin
kv. 22, 81 K. Marksa St., Balashov, 412316, Saratovskaya oblast’, Russian Federation; e-mail: kalininarkadiy@mail.ru

Abstract

The article considers Russian phraseological sentences of the type Ne sporit’ zhe! in two key aspects: structural-grammatical and logical-semantic, which allows us, on the basis of these aspects, to solve the problem of classification and typology of such sentences and identify whether they are one- or two-member sentences. This, in our opinion, is an important issue. The paper dwells on the formal organization of such phraseological sentences and studies the syntactic categories of modality, time and person, which form predicativity, universal grammatical meaning of the sentence. Further, the article considers the syntactic category of subject and the semantic category of agent and determines that the phraseological sentences under study are one-member sentences in terms of structure and grammar. In addition, the paper investigates the semantic organization of the sentences of the type Ne sporit’ zhe!, identifies and characterizes their two-, three- and four-component elementary and nonelementary semantic structures and determines that they are two-member sentences in terms of logic and semantics. The study of this type of phraseological sentences from various aspects allows us to suggest a structural-grammatical and semantic classification as well as to create a common typology of these syntactic units, which is of certain importance for the theory of syntax of the simple sentence and which, apparently, should be considered when studying the syntax of the Russian language.

Keywords

Russian language, phraseological sentence, structural-grammatical aspect, logicalsemantic aspect, one-member sentence, two-member sentence, semantic structure of the sentence
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