Legal and postal addresses of the publisher: office 1410a, 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Phone: (818-2) 28-76-18


Russian Phraseological Sentences of the Type Ne sporit’ zhe! (Key Aspects). P. 91–98

Версия для печати

Section: Philology




Arkadiy F. Kalinin
kv. 22, 81 K. Marksa St., Balashov, 412316, Saratovskaya oblast’, Russian Federation; e-mail:


The article considers Russian phraseological sentences of the type Ne sporit’ zhe! in two key aspects: structural-grammatical and logical-semantic, which allows us, on the basis of these aspects, to solve the problem of classification and typology of such sentences and identify whether they are one- or two-member sentences. This, in our opinion, is an important issue. The paper dwells on the formal organization of such phraseological sentences and studies the syntactic categories of modality, time and person, which form predicativity, universal grammatical meaning of the sentence. Further, the article considers the syntactic category of subject and the semantic category of agent and determines that the phraseological sentences under study are one-member sentences in terms of structure and grammar. In addition, the paper investigates the semantic organization of the sentences of the type Ne sporit’ zhe!, identifies and characterizes their two-, three- and four-component elementary and nonelementary semantic structures and determines that they are two-member sentences in terms of logic and semantics. The study of this type of phraseological sentences from various aspects allows us to suggest a structural-grammatical and semantic classification as well as to create a common typology of these syntactic units, which is of certain importance for the theory of syntax of the simple sentence and which, apparently, should be considered when studying the syntax of the Russian language.


Russian language, phraseological sentence, structural-grammatical aspect, logicalsemantic aspect, one-member sentence, two-member sentence, semantic structure of the sentence
Download (pdf, 3.4MB )


  1. Ksenofontova L.V. Status sintaksicheskoy frazeologii v yazyke [The Status of Syntactic Phraseology in the Language]. Russkiy yazyk: istoricheskie sud’by i sovremennost’: Sb. tr. IV Mezhdunar. kongr. issled. rus. yaz. [The Russian Language: Historical Destinies and Modernity: Proc. 4th Int. Congr. Russ. Lang. Res.]. 20–23 March 2010. Moscow, 2010, p. 428. 
  2. Мelikyan V.Yu. Sintaksicheskie frazeologicheskie edinitsy russkogo yazyka [Syntactic Phraseological Units of the Russian Language]. Russkiy yazyk v shkole, 2010, no. 11, pp. 55–60. 
  3. Shmelev D.N. Sintaksicheskaya chlenimost’ vyskazyvaniya v sovremennom russkom yazyke [Syntactic Segmentability of Statements in Modern Russian]. Moscow, 2006. 152 p. 
  4. Velichko A.V. Predlozheniya frazeologizirovannoy struktury kak yazykovoy i kommunikativnyy fenomen [Sentences with Phraseologized Structure as a Linguistic and Communicative Phenomenon]. Vestnik Rossiyskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Ser.: Russkiy i inostrannye yazyki i metodika ikh prepodavaniya, 2015, no. 4, pp. 7–14. 
  5. Velichko A.V. Variativnost’ frazeologizirovannykh predlozheniy kak otrazhenie ikh dvoystvennoy grammaticheskoy struktury [Variation of Phraseological Sentences as a Reflection of Their Dual Grammatical Nature]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Ser.: Filologicheskie nauki i kul’turologiya, 2015, no. 4, pp. 5–10. 
  6. Nikolina N.A. Struktura i semantika predlozheniy tipa Den’ kak den’ [The Structure and Semantics of Such Sentences as Den’ kak den’]. Russkiy yazyk v shkole, 2010, no. 4, pp. 47–51. 
  7. Monina T.S. Problema tozhdestva predlozheniya [The Problem of Sentence Identity]. Moscow, 1995. 180 p. 
  8. Zolotova G.A. Ob osnovaniyakh klassifikatsii predlozheniy [On Classification Bases for Sentences]. Russkiy yazyk za rubezhom, 1989, no. 5, pp. 68–73. 
  9. Sidorova M.Yu. Sintaksicheskie terminy i sintaksicheskie sushchnosti (na primere ponyatiya predikativnost’) [Syntactic Terms and Syntactic Entities (Exemplified by the Concept of Predicativity)]. Russkiy yazyk: istoricheskie sud’by i sovremennost’: Sb. tr. IV Mezhdunar. kongr. issled. rus. yaz. [The Russian Language: Historical Destinies and Modernity: Proc. 4th Int. Congr. Russ. Lang. Res.]. 20–23 March 2010. Moscow, 2010, pp. 446–447. 
  10. Bondarenko V.N. Vidy modal’nykh znacheniy i ikh vyrazhenie v yazyke [Types of Modal Meanings and Their Expression in the Language]. Filologicheskie nauki, 1979, no. 2, pp. 54–61. 
  11. Volkova E.A. Osobennosti vyrazheniya modal’nogo znacheniya neobdumannosti deystviya v konstruktsiyakh s infinitivom [Expression of the Modal Meaning of Thoughtless Action in Constructions with an Infinitive]. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta. Ser.: Russkaya filologiya, 2008, no. 1, pp. 40–45. 
  12. Zolotova G.A. O kategorii modal’nosti [On the Category of Modality]. Modal’nost’ v yazyke i rechi: novye podkhody k izucheniyu [Modality in Language and Speech: New Approaches to the Study]. Kaliningrad, 2008, pp. 16–20. 
  13. Lomtev T.P. Predlozhenie i ego grammaticheskie kategorii [The Sentence and Its Grammatical Categories]. Moscow, 1972. 
  14. Moskal’skaya O.I. Voprosy sintaksicheskoy semantiki [Questions of Syntactic Semantics]. Voprosy yazykoznaniya, 1977, no. 2, pp. 45–56. 
  15. Arvat N.N. Komponentnyy analiz semanticheskoy struktury prostogo predlozheniya (Tekst lektsiy) [Component Analysis of the Semantic Structure of the Simple Sentence (Lectures)]. Chernovtsy, 1976. 68 p. 
  16. Shvedova N.Yu. O sootnoshenii grammaticheskoy i semanticheskoy struktury predlozheniya [On the Relation Between the Grammatical and Semantic Structures of the Sentence]. Slavyanskoe yazykoznanie: VII Mezhdunar. s"ezd slavistov (Varshava, avg. 1973 g.). Dokl. sov. delegatsii [Slavic Linguistics: 7th Int. Congr. of Slavists (Warsaw, August 1973). Reports of Soviet Delegates]. Moscow, 1973.