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Philosophy on Human Nature (an Overview of Concepts). P. 70–77

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Section: Philosophy, Sociology, Politology




Oleg V. Ovchinnikov
Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov korp. 1, 54 nab. Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163000, Russian Federation; e-mail:


The onset of a new era in human history – innovative civilization with its NBIC-technologies – brought about practical implementation of Karl Marx’s ideas about the merging of all sciences into one: humanics. From this perspective, it is important to consider the historical view on philosophy (which was a generic concept of human knowledge about the world) and on modern understanding of the multi-level human nature and multi-dimensional human essence. This paper deals with the standpoints of neoclassical and classical ontology on the problem of man. Classical ontology is based on two main ideas: the multi-level nature of humans and their multi-dimensional essence. Further, a concept of man as a cosmo-bio-socio-cultural-existential-spiritual being is introduced here; each of these levels of human ontological nature is a carrier of specific information (physical, hereditary) and experience: social and value constants of being. Particular attention is paid to a new paradigm which states that subjective reality forms the outside world. Further, the article provides a definition of culture as a structured experience of all human activities, including the universal and historic experience. In addition, the author turns to A.A. Pelipenko’s hypothesis that culture in its underlying ontology is a field structure, an ability for nonlocal interactions regardless of the distance, which manifests itself in an intuitive reading of the cultural field matrix. Love as an altered state of consciousness is represented by Mikhail Epstein’s concept, with its four components: desire, inspiration, tenderness, and pity. As one of the working hypotheses this article suggests the six-level concept of human.


neoclassical ontology, classical ontology, anthropopractice, six levels of human existence, subjective reality, field forms of culture
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