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NATO in the Arctic Region: Between Negative and Positive Security. P. 64–71

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Section: Philosophy, Sociology, Politology

UDC

327.7

Authors

Shaparov Aleksandr Evgenyevich
Institute of Social, Humanitarian and Political Sciences, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Arkhangelsk, Russia)

Abstract

The Arctic is becoming a new area of NATO’s influence, an area where security is closely associated
with crucially important interests of its member states. This paper describes two scenarios of NATO’s
stepping up its activities in the Arctic: the positive and negative security scenarios. Negative security is
understood as identification by political actors of risks and threats to their own values and wellbeing.
Positive security is a multi-actor model involving non-violent measures to solve the arising conflicts while
emphasizing the importance of security and cooperation. The author used the neo-institutional approach
in his research. The paper conceptualizes possible scenarios of the interaction between NATO and
Russia.

Keywords

Russia and NATO, cooperation in the Arctic, militarization of the Arctic, positive security, negative security, geopolitical rivalry, security
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