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The Principles of Civil Legislation of the Soviet Union and Its Republics of 1961 (Historical and Legal Aspect). C. 100–103

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Section: State Management and Law. Economics

UDC

347(09)

Authors

Dolgoborodova Yuliya Yuryevna
Kutafin Moscow State Law University (Moscow, Russia)

Abstract

The paper deals with historical and legal aspects of the Act on Fundamental Principles of Civil Legislation of the Soviet Union and Its Republics of 1961. The Civil Code of the RSFSR of 1922 on a number of points differed from the rules in the civil codes of other Soviet republics, which undermined the unity of civil regulation of the Soviet economy. The Soviet civil law was developed as an all-union legislation that satisfies the requirements of the sectoral management of the economy, being a result of the general policy of centralization. The legislation, valid for the entire Soviet Union, was overloaded with too detailed, secondary standards which could not take into account and reflect the diversity and complexity of the regulated relations. Property relations between the various socialist organizations developed mainly in contravention of the civil codes. The legal management of the economy could only be improved by unifying the civil law. Adoption of the Fundamental Principles of Civil Legislation of the Soviet Union and Its Republics was an important step towards a unified civil law mechanism regulating the national economy.

Keywords

legal history, history of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Russian history, civil regulation, Soviet legislation, Soviet economy, Khrushchev’s reforms
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